Protected Designation of Origin (DOP)
The official recognition by the European Union (Council Regulation nr 1845/2004, issued on October 22, 2004) (PDF, 48 KB, in Italian) protects the high-quality extra-virgin olive oil in the region of Trieste with a protected origin, named after the ancient name of the city, which is “TERGESTE”.
This is an important achievement following a long process involving numerous institutions, private enterprises, enthusiasts, oil tasters, press owners and many others.
For more detailed information, we are enclosing the Production Regulations (PDF, 130 KB, in italian) for the manufacture of extra-virgin olive oil; you are also welcome to visit the web-site of the Promoting Committee for the Enhancement of the Triest Extra-virgin Olive Oil (www.tergestedop.it).
- ART 1
- To be eligible to use the protected designation of origin “Tergeste”, extra-virgin olive oils have to comply with the standards and have the characteristics defined in the Regulations (EGS) nr. 2081/92 and described in this Regulation.
- ART 2
- Extra-virgin olive oils produced from the following sorts and represented in the plantation in the proportions listed below are eligible to use the title of protected designation of origin “Tergeste”i:
- belica or bianchera, at least 20 percent;
- črnica, leccino, leccio del corno, frantoio, maurino, pendolino, on their own or mixed for the rest.
- ART 3
Area of Production
- The olive-growing area dedicated to the manufacture of the extra-virgin olive oil labelled as “Tergeste” DOP comprises the parts of the Trieste district that comply to the required quality standards defined by the regulations.
This area encompasses the whole of the territory belonging to the Trieste province, with the following municipalities:
Trst/Trieste, Milje/Muggia, Devin-Nabrežina/Duino- Aurisina, Dolina/San Dorligo della Valle, Zgonik/Sgonico, Repentabor/Monrupino.
The area is confined by:
- the border with Slovenia on the east
- the province of Gorizia on the west
- the border with Slovenia on the north
- the Adriatic coast on the south
- ART 4
- 1) The conditions offered by the area and the method of growing olives that are meant for the manufacture of extra-virgin olive oil labelled Tergeste DOP, have to be traditional and characteristic of the territory as defined in article 3. The conditions have to allow for the oil to develop to its characteristic quality.
2) The plantations have to be arranged, grown and trimmed according to local tradition.
3) The harvest starts when the fruits start changing colour and all fruits must be picked before the 31st of December every year.
4) The fruits must be gathered directly from the tree, either by hand or by shakers. They have to be preserved in hard and airy boxes until the time of crushing, to prevent any eventual damage; they have to be processed in up to 3 days from the day of gathering, in an oil press in the plantation area described in article 3.
5) The pest management must be ecologically-oriented, integrated and/or biological.
6) The highest amount of gathered olives allowed in specialized plantations for producing “Tergeste” extra-virgin olive oil cannot exceed 6500 kilos per hectare. The highest harvest allowed in mixed plantations cannot exceed 50 kilos per plant. The highest yield from the olive fruits cannot exceed 22%.
- ART 5
- 1) The oil manufacture must take place on the area defined in article 3.
2) Mechanical and physical procedures are allowed for the extraction of the oil, providing they preserve the original qualities of the fruits in the most appropriate way.
3) The following conditions have to be respected during crushing or any other part of the processing:
- the temperature of the pomace cannot exceed 30° C;
- only water can be used during malaxation;
- the processing machines must not spread any tastes, scents or substances;
- the storage containers should be chosen between glass, half-glass materials or stainless steel, on no account should they be made of polyester resins or plastic.
4) The oil-manufacturing process must be finished in 36 hours from the delivery of the fruits to the oil mill.
5) The fruits must be stored in appropriately aired spaces.
- ART 6
- The “Tergeste DOP” extra-virgin oil has to meet the following criteria upon entering the market:
fragrance: fruity – medium defined;
taste: fruity, with medium or slight pungent tinge;
grading on the panel test: ¡Ý 6,8 with the following organoleptic parameters, fruity green higher or equalling 2, bitter and pungent higher or equalling 1;
the highest combined acid content, expressed in fatty acid cannot exceed 0,5 grams per 100 grams of oil;
peroxide number: ¡Ü 12 meq 02/kg
oleic acid: ¡Ý 74 %
linoleic acid: ¡Ü 9 %
polyphenoles altogether: ¡Ý 100 mg/kg
Delta K ¡Ü 0,01
K270 ¡Ü 0,20
K230 ¡Ü 2,30
- ART 7
Denotation and Presentation
- 1) It is forbidden to include any type of denotation not listed in this Regulation to oils with a certificate of protected origin, including the adjectives “refined”, “superior quality”, “selected”.
2) It is acceptable to use unmodified names referring to manufacturing units or individual trademarks that do not have an exalting connotation and do not mislead the consumer.
3) The use of names referring to manufacturing units, estates, farms, the mentioning of the place of bottling on the manufacturing grounds or in an oil-producing association, or in an enterprise situated on the manufacturing grounds is only permitted in case the product is manufactured from fruits harvested exclusively on plantations owned by the mentioned unit or farm itself.
4) The letters used for the mentioning of other geographical denotations referring to municipalities, villages, estates, farms which actually represent the origins of the oil, have to be at least half the size of those used for the protected origin denomination from art.1.
5) The denotation of the “Tergeste” protected origin has to be marked in clear, indelible letters, in strong colour contrast to the colour of the label itself, and in such a way as to be clearly distinguished from any other information on the same label.
6) The “Tergeste” DOP labelled extra-virgin olive oil is sold in glass bottles not exceeding one litre, and by no means in receptacles made of polyester resins or plastic.
7) It is mandatory to mention the year of the harvesting of the fruits from which the oil has been produced on the label.
8) After the declaration of the designation of protected origin, a literal translation of the product denomination in the Slovene language can follow on the label.
- Trieste, December 5th, 2001